Public Python API

Flake8 3.0.0 presently does not have a public, stable Python API.

When it does it will be located in flake8.api and that will be documented here.

Legacy API

When Flake8 broke its hard dependency on the tricky internals of pycodestyle, it lost the easy backwards compatibility as well. To help existing users of that API we have flake8.api.legacy. This module includes a couple classes (which are documented below) and a function.

The main usage that the developers of Flake8 observed was using the get_style_guide() function and then calling check_files(). To a lesser extent, people also seemed to use the get_statistics() method on what check_files returns. We then sought to preserve that API in this module.

Let’s look at an example piece of code together:

from flake8.api import legacy as flake8

style_guide = flake8.get_style_guide(ignore=['E24', 'W503'])
report = style_guide.check_files([...])
assert report.get_statistics('E') == [], 'Flake8 found violations'

This represents the basic universal usage of all existing Flake8 2.x integrations. Each example we found was obviously slightly different, but this is kind of the gist, so let’s walk through this.

Everything that is backwards compatible for our API is in the flake8.api.legacy submodule. This is to indicate, clearly, that the old API is being used.

We create a flake8.api.legacy.StyleGuide by calling flake8.api.legacy.get_style_guide(). We can pass options to flake8.api.legacy.get_style_guide() that correspond to the command-line options one might use. For example, we can pass ignore, select, exclude, format, etc. Our legacy API, does not enforce legacy behaviour, so we can combine ignore and select like we might on the command-line, e.g.,

style_guide = flake8.get_style_guide(
    ignore=['E24', 'W5'],
    select=['E', 'W', 'F'],

Once we have our flake8.api.legacy.StyleGuide we can use the same methods that we used before, namely


These are not perfectly backwards compatible. Not all arguments are respsected, and some of the types necessary for something to work have changed.

Most people, we observed, were using check_files(). You can use this to specify a list of filenames or directories to check. In Flake8 3.0, however, we return a different object that has similar methods. We return a flake8.api.legacy.Report which has the method

Most usage of this method that we noted was as documented above. Keep in mind, however, that it provides a list of strings and not anything more malleable.

Autogenerated Legacy Documentation